The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) was founded in 1972 to bring the organic movement together. It’s mission is “leading, uniting and assisting the organic movement in its full diversity, “ and its goal is the worldwide adoption of ecologically, socially and economically sound systems that are based in the principles of Organic Agriculture.


IFOAM’s basic standards should be considered as a baseline reference standards for organic agriculture worldwide. Although many people understand organic agriculture as the prohibition of synthetic agrochemicals, the organic standards also include nature conservation through the prohibition of clearing primary ecosystems, biodiversity preservation, soil and water conservation, a prohibition on the use of genetically modified organisms, diversity in crop production, maintenance of soil fertility and biological activity, among others. There has also been a basic chapter on social justice sine 1996, it’s coverage is weak and implementation is from a more recent date by IFOAM accredited certification bodies.


Certified organic coffee is exported from more than 30 countries. Price premiums vary considerably due to several factors. In many cases organic premiums are part of larger premiums based on quality, regional designation, reputation of the producer or additional certifications like Fairtrade.


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